Rules of conduct for effecting transactions with related parties

  1. Transactions with related parties, including intra-group transactions, except for typical or usual transactions concluded at arm’s length conditions, must be approved in advance by the Board of Directors.
  2. Typical or usual transactions shall be taken to mean those which, by their object or nature, are not extraneous to the normal course of business of the Company and those which do not involve particular critical factors due to their characteristics or to the risks related to the nature of the counterpart or to the time at which they are concluded. Transactions concluded at arm’s length conditions means transactions concluded at the same conditions as those applied by the Company to whatsoever party.
  3. The Board of Directors shall receive adequate information on the nature of the relationship, the manner of execution of the transaction, the economic and other terms and conditions governing it, the valuation procedure adopted, the underlying interest and motivations, and the possible risks for the Company. Where the relationship is with a Director or with a party related by means of a Director, the Director concerned shall limit himself to providing clarifications and shall leave the meeting of the Board when the decision is to be taken; the Board of Directors may also resolve in a different way.
  4. Depending on the nature, value and other characteristics of the transaction, to guard against the transaction’s being carried out at unsuitable conditions the Board of Directors shall be assisted by one or more experts, who shall express an opinion, according to the case, on the economic conditions and/or the legitimacy and/or the technical aspects of the transaction.
  5. For transactions with related parties, including intra-group transactions, which are not submitted to the Board of Directors inasmuch as they are typical or usual concluded at arm’s length, the Directors having delegated powers or the managers responsible for carrying out the transaction, without detriment to compliance with the specific procedure pursuant to Article 150.1 of the Consolidated Law on Financial Intermediation, shall collect and preserve, inter alia by type or group of transaction, adequate information on the nature of the relationship, the manner of execution of the transaction, the economic and other terms and conditions governing it, the valuation procedure adopted, the underlying interest and motivations, and the possible risks for the Company. For such transactions also, one or more experts may be appointed as provided above.
  6. The experts are to be chosen from among persons of recognized professional experience and competence in the matters concerned. Their independence and absence of conflicts of interest will be carefully evaluated.